LIGO Document P0900028-v2

Dislocation movement and hysteresis in Maraging blades

Document #:
LIGO-P0900028-v2
Document type:
P - Publications
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Abstract:
All seismic isolation systems developed for Gravitational Waves Interferometric Detectors, such as LIGO VIRGO and TAMA, make use of Maraging steel blades. The dissipation properties of these blades have been studied at low frequencies, by using a Geometric Anti Spring (GAS) filter, which allowed the exploration of resonant frequencies below 100 mHz. At this frequency an anomalous transfer function was observed in GAS filter: this is one of several motivation for this work.
The many unexpected effects observed and measured are explainable by the collective movement of dislocations inside the material, described with the statistic of the Self Organized Criticality (SOC). At low frequencies, below 200 mHz, the dissipation mechanism can subtract elasticity from the system, even leading to sudden collapse. While the Young’s modulus is weaker, excess dissipation is observed. At higher frequencies the applied stress is probably too fast to allow the full growth of dislocation avalanches, and less losses are observed, thus explaining the higher Q-factor in this frequency range. The domino effect that leads to the release of entangled dislocations allows the understanding of the random walk of the VIRGO and TAMA IPs, the anomalous GAS filter transfer function as well as the loss of predictability of the ringdown decay in the LIGO-SAS IPs.

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Associated with Events:
GWDAW 13 held from 19 Jan 2009 to 22 Jan 2009 in San Juan, Puerto Rico

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